DhammapadaDhp 19 Dhammaṭṭha Vagga
On Dhamma (256-272)

Na tena hoti dhammaṭṭho,
yenatthaṃ sāhasā naye;
Yo ca atthaṃ anatthañca,
ubho niccheyya paṇḍito.

256. If a judge rules unfairly in a case he is not just. The wise person makes decisions by properly investigating both right and wrong.

Asāhasena dhammena,
samena nayatī pare;
Dhammassa gutto medhāvī,
“dhammaṭṭho”ti pavuccati.

257. He who does not judge a case unfairly, that wise person is protected by the Dhamma. He is called the one who is established in the Dhamma.

Na tena paṇḍito hoti,
yāvatā bahu bhāsati;
Khemī averī abhayo,
“paṇḍito”ti pavuccati.

258. One is not wise only because one speaks a lot. If one does not cause fear in others, is devoid of hate, and is fearless, one can truly be called a wise person.

Na tāvatā dhammadharo,
yāvatā bahu bhāsati;
Yo ca appampi sutvāna,
dhammaṃ kāyena passati;
Sa ve dhammadharo hoti,
yo dhammaṃ nappamajjati.

259. One is not an upholder of the Dhamma only because he preaches a lot. Having heard even a little, if one experiences the Dhamma personally and is never negligent of the Dhamma practice, one is indeed an upholder of the Dhamma.

Na tena thero so hoti,
yenassa palitaṃ siro;
Paripakko vayo tassa,
“moghajiṇṇo”ti vuccati.

260. Grey hair does not make a monk an elder. Someone ripe only in age is called “an old fool”.

Yamhi saccañca dhammo ca,
ahiṃsā saṃyamo damo;
Sa ve vantamalo dhīro,
“ thero” iti pavuccati.

261. If there is truthfulness, Dhamma, harmlessness, restraint, and self-control in a monk and if that wise monk has purged himself of defilements, that monk is called an elder.

Na vākka­raṇa­mat­tena,
vaṇṇa­pok­kha­ra­tāya vā;
Sādhurūpo naro hoti,
issukī maccharī saṭho.

262. Not through sweet voice or by good looks alone can one become a person of good character. If one is jealous, selfish, and deceitful, one does not become a person of good character.

Yassa cetaṃ samucchinnaṃ,
mūlaghaccaṃ samūhataṃ;
Sa vantadoso medhāvī,
“sādhurūpo”ti vuccati.

263. But with bad qualities cut off, uprooted, and destroyed, one who is wise and has purged himself of bad qualities is called one of good character.

Na muṇḍakena samaṇo,
abbato alikaṃ bhaṇaṃ;
samaṇo kiṃ bhavissati.

264. Not by shaven head does one become a monk. If one is devoid of virtue, untruthful, and filled with evil desires and greed, how could such a person be a monk?

Yo ca sameti pāpāni,
aṇuṃthūlāni sabbaso;
Samitattā hi pāpānaṃ,
“samaṇo”ti pavuccati.

265. One who has, in every way, subdued all evil, small and great is, for that reason, called a monk.

Na tena bhikkhu so hoti,
yāvatā bhikkhate pare;
Vissaṃ dhammaṃ samādāya,
bhikkhu hoti na tāvatā.

266. One is not a monk just because one lives on others’ alms. Nor does one become a monk by taking on evil ways.

Yodha puññañca pāpañca,
bāhetvā brahmacariyavā;
Saṅkhāya loke carati,
sa ve “bhikkhū”ti vuccati.

267. Whoever in the Buddha’s path sets aside both merit and demerit, lives the chaste life, and goes through the world with true knowledge is called a monk.

Na monena munī hoti,
mūḷharūpo aviddasu;
Yo ca tulaṃva paggayha,
varamādāya paṇḍito.

268. Not by observing silence does an ignorant fool become a sage. The wise person selects what is good and avoids what is evil as if holding a balance scale.

Pāpāni parivajjeti,
sa munī tena so muni;
Yo munāti ubho loke,
“muni” tena pavuccati.

269. Whoever avoids evil, weighs the internal world and the external world with wisdom is, for that reason, called a sage.

Na tena ariyo hoti,
yena pāṇāni hiṃsati;
Ahiṃsā sabbapāṇānaṃ,
“ariyo”ti pavuccati.

270. Though people call one noble, one who harms beings is not noble. One is called noble because one is harmless to all beings.

Na sīlab­bata­mat­tena,
bāhusaccena vā pana;
Atha vā samādhilābhena,
vivitta­saya­nena vā.

271. Though you are dutiful, virtuous, knowledgeable in the Dhamma, have attained stillness of the mind, and live in faraway forest monasteries, you should not think, through overestimation that you have completed the path.

Phusāmi nekkham­ma­su­khaṃ,
Bhikkhu vissāsamāpādi,
appatto āsavakkhayaṃ.

272. Oh monk, there is this bliss of renunciation not experienced by the ordinary people. You also should think, “I will attain that bliss”. Do not trust this existence until you have attained liberation.

Sādhu! Sādhu! Sādhu!

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Dhammapada 19 Dhammaṭṭha Vagga: On Dhamma (256-272)


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