Categories
Dhammapada

Dhammapada
22 Niraya Vagga
Hell (306-319)

Abhūtavādī nirayaṃ upeti,
Yo vāpi katvā na karomi cāha;
Ubhopi te pecca samā bhavanti,
Nihīnakammā manujā parattha.

306. The liar who accuses a good person goes to hell; so does the one who, having done wrong, says, “I did not do it.” Both these people of base actions become equal after death, by taking rebirth in hell.

Kāsāvakaṇṭhā bahavo,
pāpadhammā asaññatā;
Pāpā pāpehi kammehi,
nirayaṃ te upapajjare.

307. There are many people wearing robes but with no restraint and with evil behaviours. These wicked people, because of their evil deeds, will be reborn in hell.

Seyyo ayoguḷo bhutto,
tatto aggisikhūpamo;
Yañce bhuñjeyya dussīlo,
raṭṭha­piṇḍa­masaññato.

308. It is better to swallow flaming red-hot iron balls than to live as an immoral unrestrained monk and eat the alms food of the people.

Cattāri ṭhānāni naro pamatto,
Āpajjati paradārūpasevī;
Apuññalābhaṃ na nikāmaseyyaṃ,
Nindaṃ tatīyaṃ nirayaṃ catutthaṃ.

309. Four results come to the reckless man who engages in sexual misconduct with another’s wife: accumulation of demerit, agitation, accusation, and rebirth in hell.

Apuññalābho ca gatī ca pāpikā,
Bhītassa bhītāya ratī ca thokikā;
Rājā ca daṇḍaṃ garukaṃ paṇeti,
Tasmā naro paradāraṃ na seve.

310. Evil is the rebirth of an evil-doer. Brief is the pleasure of the frightened man engaged with a frightened woman. If caught, the king will impose severe punishment. Therefore a man must not engage in sexual misconduct with another’s wife.

Kuso yathā duggahito,
hattha­mevānu­kantati;
Sāmaññaṃ dupparāmaṭṭhaṃ,
nirayā­yupakaḍ­ḍhati.

311. Just as kusa grass cuts the hand that wrongly grasps it, so does the monk-life or the nun-life wrongly lived drag one to hell.

Yaṃ kiñci sithilaṃ kammaṃ,
saṅkiliṭṭhañca yaṃ vataṃ;
Saṅkassaraṃ brahmacariyaṃ,
na taṃ hoti mahapphalaṃ.

312. Virtue practised in a loose way, the defiled monk-life and nun-life, or a chaste life lived dubiously—none of these lead to much success in the Buddha’s path.

Kayirā ce kayirāthenaṃ,
daḷhamenaṃ parakkame;
Sithilo hi paribbājo,
bhiyyo ākirate rajaṃ.

313. If any good quality is to be practised, let one do it again with strong effort. A careless monk-life or nun-life stirs up even more defilements.

Akataṃ dukkaṭaṃ seyyo,
pacchā tappati dukkaṭaṃ;
Katañca sukataṃ seyyo,
yaṃ katvā nānutappati.

314. Evil deeds are better left undone—evil deeds torment the doer later. Good deeds are better done—for having done them, the doer has no regret later.

Nagaraṃ yathā paccantaṃ,
guttaṃ santarabāhiraṃ;
Evaṃ gopetha attānaṃ,
khaṇo vo mā upaccagā;
Khaṇātītā hi socanti,
nirayamhi samappitā.

315. Just as a border city is well guarded inside and out, so too guard yourself from evil—do not let slip this moment for spiritual practice. Those who let this moment pass suffer after they have fallen into hell.

Alajjitāye lajjanti,
lajjitāye na lajjare;
Micchā­diṭṭhi­sa­mādānā,
sattā gacchanti duggatiṃ.

316. No need to be ashamed of wearing clothes, but the Niganthas are ashamed of wearing cloth. One should indeed be ashamed of nakedness, but the Niganthas are not ashamed of nakedness. Those who take up wrong view take rebirth in the plane of misery.

Abhaye bhayadassino,
bhaye cābhayadassino;
Micchā­diṭṭhi­sa­mādānā,
sattā gacchanti duggatiṃ.

317. No need to be afraid of Nibbāna, but the Niganthas are afraid of Nibbāna. One should indeed be afraid of holding wrong views. Those who take up wrong views take rebirth in the plane of misery.

Avajje vajjamatino,
vajje cāvajjadassino;
Micchā­diṭṭhi­sa­mādānā,
sattā gacchanti duggatiṃ.

318. Finding fault in the noble Dhamma and seeing no fault in wrong teachings, those who take up wrong views take rebirth in the plane of misery.

Vajjañca vajjato ñatvā,
avajjañca avajjato;
Sammā­diṭṭhi­sa­mādānā,
sattā gacchanti suggatiṃ.

319. But knowing wrong teachings as wrong teachings and the noble Dhamma as noble Dhamma, those who take up right views take rebirth in the plane of bliss.

Sādhu! Sādhu! Sādhu!

Three Bar Menu Button

Dhammapada 22 Niraya Vagga: Hell (306-319)

Have a question?

Do you have a question about what you have read?